Halocnemum strobilaceum AGAINST DATE PALM FUNGI (ALGERIA)

  • Wassima LAKHDARI National Institute of Agronomic Research of Algeria, Station of Sidi Mehdi, 30200, Touggourt, Algeria. Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, Valcore Laboratory, University of Boumerdes, Boumerdes, Algeria
  • Abderrahmene DEHLIZ National Institute of Agronomic Research of Algeria, Station of Sidi Mehdi, 30200, Touggourt, Algeria.
  • Randa MLIK National Institute of Agronomic Research of Algeria, Station of Sidi Mehdi, 30200, Touggourt, Algeria.
  • Wiam BENLAMOUDI National Institute of Agronomic Research of Algeria, Station of Sidi Mehdi, 30200, Touggourt, Algeria.
  • Ibtissam BENYAHIA Chimestry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Material Sciences, Laboratory of Biogeochemistry and Desert environment. University of KasdiMerbah, Ouargla, Algeria
  • Nour El Houda MEKHADMI Laboratory of Natural Resource Valorisation, SNV faculty, University of Ferhat Abbas
  • Hamida HAMMI National Institute of Agronomic Research of Algeria, Station of Sidi Mehdi, 30200, Touggourt, Algeria.
  • Fatma ACHEUK Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, Valcore Laboratory, University of Boumerdes, Boumerdes, Algeria.
Keywords: Antifungal activity, Biological control, Date palm, Halocnemum strobilaceum, Algeria

Abstract

Since years, many plants contain components that have antifungal effect against plant pathogens. As a biological control, several plant extracts, belonging to the family of Amaranthaceae, have been tested against some phytopathogenic fungi from different crops. For this, an antifungal test of an indigenous plant extracts from the south eastern Algeria was evaluated for its inhibitory effect on phytopathogenic fungicausing date palmdiseases, Alternaria sp., Fusarium sp., Phytophthora sp. and Cladosporium sp.The aqueous extract of this plant showed the maximum inhibition with Phytophthora sp.which recorded 90,6 % at 100% and 83,0 % at 50%, followed by Cladosporium sp. (D2: 89,02%; D3: 89,10%; D4: 86,15%). Statistical analysis confirms that all the doses of H. strobilaceum had a significant effect, comparatively with the control, of inhibition against the tested phytopathogenic fungi mentioned before with p < 0,05; p = 0,0087. High inhibition was detected against Phytophthora sp. and Cladosporium sp. with all the doses, unlike, Fusarium sp. was exhibited only in the fourth dose and Alternaria sp. that was revealed a low rate in the fourth dose. These effective plant extracts may contribute to development of potentially effective and environmentally safer alternative fungicide to control date palm diseases caused by these phytopathogenic fungi.

Published
2021-04-11