ANALYSIS OF HEALTH INDICATORS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION OF HOUSEHOLDS IN THE RIVER VALLEY OF THE COMMUNE OF KOURTEY IN TILLABERY (NIGER)
Health is one of the components that influence the productive capacity of agricultural households. This study on the analysis of health indicators and their impacts on agricultural production was carried out in the commune of Kourthèye, in the river valley of the department of Tillabéri (Niger). The study is of a cross-sectional type based on a documentary research and a collection of primary data at the level of the households of the 6 villages chosen at random. A linear model with an equation not only allowed us to see the indicators that significantly affect production, but also to estimate the share of losses that each disease can cause in the main crop of farmers. In addition, an econometric approach through the regression of adjustment of functions made it possible to show the distribution of households in relation to the number of sick people and the different productions. These results show a strong negative correlation between the main diseases in the area and irrigated production. Thus, malaria and chronic diseases are correlated with production respectively with coefficients of -0.75 and -0.40. The significance thresholds are respectively 1% and 10% for these morbidities. Indeed, the malaria attack of an agricultural worker in a household could reduce agricultural production by 68.53kg. It appears that the impacts of health indicators are more noticeable among the very poor and poor than among the middle and better-off.