TOURISM A FACTOR OF PEACE AND SOCIAL COHESION IN AGADEZ REGION (NIGER)
Niger conceals important tourist potentialities, in particular tourist sites and rare or endangered species (the giraffe, the addax, the oryx...). This characteristic of biological diversity is favourable to the development of ecotourism, visionary and sustainable tourism. The tourist activity is mainly concentrated in two poles which are the northern part of the country and the region of the river and the W National park of Niger on the three existing poles (North pole in the region of Agadez, West pole of the region of the river and central-east pole of the region of Zinder. Indeed, the tourism sector generates important financial resources and employment for young Nigerien women and men. It has proved its worth in the socio-economic development of regions with high tourism potential during periods of security certainty. Thus, inter-community mixing, discovery of the environment and profitability contribute to boosting the economy in a context of peace and social cohesion for the country. Nevertheless, tourism, which is a multifaceted activity, could lead to scourges such as irregular migration and debauchery if it is poorly controlled and not secured by the actors in charge of management. Based on bibliographical research and knowledge of the environment, this article will deal with tourism as a factor of peace and social cohesion in Niger in general and in Agadez in particular.